“自由鐘”系列之一 — “自由的曙光” “Liberty Bell” Series — Part One “Dawn of Liberty”


“自由鐘”系列之一 — “自由的曙光”  
“Liberty Bell” Series — Part One “Dawn of Liberty” 

自由鐘 – 自由精神啓蒙系列旨在介紹美國立國精神、聯邦憲政、基督精神、個體價值,以對說中文的­人們産生自由精神啓蒙的作用。 本節目將連續將美國社會的各個層面系列地介紹給中文觀衆。 望各位觀衆給予有意義的回饋。
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Folks:  8/1/15
The program “Liberty Bell” (series) is launched on Youtube now.  You can post it on your websites or blogs for your audience to view it.  “Liberty Bell” will continue to produce the program in its series.  Dawn of Liberty is the first.  It will take another two months to produce the next one “Putting Power in the Cage of Christian Ethics and Constitution”.  
 
As a free being by God living in America, it is my moral duty to safeguard this last bastion of human freedom.  I am proud to be part of this great and worthy struggle.  
Fiona, as the producer, worked hard on this program.  I am very grateful to her. 
Enjoy and let me know what you think.  Best wishes.  Kai Chen 
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右派论坛 Youpai Forum :: View topic – 陈凯公告/“自由钟”系列 “Liberty Bell” Series Launched//

自由精神啟蒙系列之一

自由的曙光

Dawn of Liberty

自1886年10月28日,每天清晨,紐約港口的自由女神像都會迎來埃利斯島的第一縷霞光。她頭戴冠冕,身著古羅馬長袍,左手緊抱《美國獨立宣言》,右手高擎長達12米的火炬。在花崗巖構築的神像基座上,鐫刻著美國女詩人埃瑪·娜莎羅其的一首的詩:

將那些疲乏的,貧困的擠在一起渴望自由呼吸的人們
將那些熙熙攘攘的岸上被遺棄的不幸的人們
將那些無家可歸飽經風霜的人們
一齊送給我
我站在金門口
高舉自由的火把

自1892到1954年,自由女神像見證了1,200萬人通過紐約埃利斯島進入了美國。

縱觀人類歷史,美國,一個才成立不到250年的國家,擁有世界最先進的科學技術,最雄厚的經濟實體,最強大的軍事力量,吸引著世界最具創造力的人才。直到今天,仍有從專制國家的人們不惜付出生命的代價,來到美國,追求自由。作為世界自由的燈塔,她的自由的源頭是什麼?是什麼力量塑造了她?讓我們追尋五月花號清教徒拓荒者的腳步,來破譯美國自由和偉大的DNA.

1620年9月,一艘名叫“五月花號”的木帆船,載著一百零一名英國移民從英國出發,橫渡大西洋,駛往北美洲今天的普利茅斯馬薩諸塞灣。這批移民以受迫害的英國清教徒為主。他們放棄歐洲富裕的生活,來到荒涼的北美,目的就是要實現清教徒的理想:建設一個理想國,一個沒有宗教迫害,一個沒有君主專制、沒有腐敗的民治共同體,把上帝的福音傳到每一個角落。在船靠岸之前,這批清教徒們以他們先前在英國教堂裏采用的社會契約為樣本,在粗糙羊皮紙上起草了《五月花號公約》。

陳凱:就在這三四句話裏面,兩次提到上帝。我們在信仰上帝的基點上建立一個共同的政治體,這個政治體我們將來可以慢慢形成政府,可以真正地形成一個政治上可以自理的社會。

這份著名的文件同時被稱為是「美國精神的出生證明」。

人類歷史上,無數的權力更替,都是通過暴力與權術完成,而這只能標示人類墮落的深度。而契約建立了約束、制衡和保護,人與人之間除過基於暴力的殺戮、征服和奴役之外,又多了一個選擇,這就是基於契約的合作。

陳凱:人們用《五月花號公約》建立一個人和人之間的基本關系的協約,這個協約是建築在我們對上帝的承諾。當我們說了話之後,不是槍桿子來指著我,或者多數的人來壓迫我,讓我實行我所說的話,而是我對上帝的信念,讓自動地對我所承諾的事情,對我所說的話,負責任。這個就是一個契約社會和一個法制社會最基點的東西。

在王權與神權並行統治的時代,《五月花號公約》所體現出的依法管理、民眾自治理念,不僅樹立了“美國精神”,也標榜了文明尺度和國家道德,成了世界的“光與鹽”。

1775年4月19日,萊克星敦打響了美國獨立戰爭第一槍。整個戰爭歷時7年11個月,擁有最先進武器,最強大軍事力量的日不落大英帝國,最終被由農夫,工匠,小商業者組成的誌願兵所擊敗。

1776年7月4日,第二次大陸會議在費城通過了《獨立宣言》,正式宣布美國13個殖民地脫離英國獨立。

《獨立宣言》:
在人類事務的發展過程中,當一群人們必須解除其和另一群人們之間的政治聯繫,並依照自然法則和上帝的意旨在世界政治試題中獲得獨立和平等的地位時,出於對人類輿論的尊重,這一群人們應當把導致他們獨立的原因予以宣布。

我們認為以下這些真實是自我驗證的:所有人因被神(上帝)所創而平等。上帝賦予他們若幹不可剝奪的權利,其中包括生命、自由和追求幸福的權利。為了保障這些權利,人們才在他們之間建立政府。 這個政府的合法權力,是由被施法者們的同意而産生的。 當任何形式的政府,對這些目標(保障人的天賦權利)產生破壞作用時,人們便應用神賦予的權利予以改變或廢除,建立新的政府。 新政府的建立與組織必須基於所提的原則,以使所管理的人們得到最大程度的安全和幸福。 為了慎重起見,成立許久的政府是不應當由於微小與暫時的原因而草率更換。 歷史曾一再向我們驗證,人寧可遭受苦難也不願為了原則更換已經習慣了的政府。 但當政府用極端的專制暴政無視人的尊嚴強取豪奪,人們就不但有權利也有義務推翻這樣的政府而為他們未來的安全建立新的保障。

記載了五十六名簽署獨立宣言的人當中,有五十二名是基督徒。即便那些不上教會的建國之父也持有基督信仰的世界觀。當十三個殖民地聯合聲明脫離英國的時候,美國的國父們小心翼翼地擘畫著一套基督教政治哲學:一套根植於聖經式的理解,即神乃造物者、神賦予人類權利與義務,以及受到監管的政府的真正含義。

陳凱:其他社會裏面,所有社會的建立,有的是因為地域,有的是因為宗教,有的是因為語言,有的是因為膚色,有的是因為文化。在美國,是第一個相信,人可以不要國王,不要皇帝,不要宗教領袖們,就可以自己管理自己事務的這樣一個世界上獨一無二的,而且世界上首先建立的這樣一個社會。

陳凱:美國的《獨立宣言》可以一直沿襲到希臘社會的整個對人類哲學討論, 人究竟是什麼,人是否追求幸福,人是否追求自由, 選舉的必要性,洛克,他是英國社會,還包括很多歐洲的哲學家們,提到的通過合同而建立的政府,人性本身是戰爭還是和平,都是非常深遠的一些討論, 焦距在美國的《獨立宣言》裏面。

陳凱:這個獨立不止是美國獨立於英國,不止是自由獨立於專制,同時也是每個個體獨立於政府。一個社會如果不是建築在個體獨立上而去談國家的獨立,這個社會肯定是專制社會。

陳凱:一個聯邦憲政的社會,他們不相信,我們必須通過強權去建立一個社會,他相信我們必須依賴這樣永恒的價值,依賴每個人心中的良知,去建立一個正向的有創造力的社會。

自由鐘獨立制作
2015年7月

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陈凯访谈/解读中文语言的专制密码 Decipher Despotism in Chinese Language


陈凯访谈/解读中文语言的专制密码 Decipher Despotism in Chinese Language

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破解共产党与孔夫子的伪联盟 Communism and Confucianism United




陈凯博客: www.kaichenblog.blogspot.com
破解共产党与孔夫子的伪联盟 Communism and Confucianism United
-评庄万寿《中国民族主义与文化霸权》
作者:余杰 2012-04-08 16:34:16

二零一二年伊始,中共党魁胡锦涛在新年讲话中宣称,要大力建设中国文化,发起一场“文化战争”,对抗西方文化和敌对势力的侵蚀。那么,根本没有思想自由和言论自由的中国能够建设什么样的文化呢?胸无半点墨的胡锦涛的“配方”,无非就是用共产党的瓶子装孔夫子的酒。中国传统文化的代表人物孔子,在“文革”被毛泽东打翻在地,孔庙被砸,孔坟被挖,“孔老二”是“臭老九”的老祖宗。如今,孔子又被抬出来作为中国的“国家名片”,共产党却不曾向孔子道过歉。中共不敢在全球广设“毛泽东学院”,却以重金建造“孔子学院”,因为胡锦涛清楚地知道:毛已是茅坑中臭不可闻的石头,孔子却是西方人愿意品尝的“香饽饽”。所以,“以孔代毛”是其权宜之计。
对于共产党与孔夫子的伪联盟,对于共产党“硬实力”和“软实力”两手抓的策略,台湾前辈学者庄万寿看得一清二楚。他精辟地指出:“今日中国继承昔日满清的势力圈而严加武力控制,加以政治不民主,经济畸形发展,而激化民族、阶级矛盾,一年多达十余万次的群众抗争,共产主义的伦理早已瓦解,而企图用孔子来麻醉,但又不能解决共党与儒家伦理的冲突。……介入、干预国际社会的政经、军事的‘硬实力’,以及积极推动中国语文、孔儒文化的‘软实力’,可以‘天下畏之’,并骗取中国人民的虚荣与支持。”庄万寿曾在日本、韩国和台湾多所大学任教,担任过台湾教授协会会长,对中国历史文化和台湾思想文化有精深的研究,还主编过中学国文教科书。为唤醒受民族主义荼毒的两岸民众,这位年逾古稀之年的学者积多年之力写出《中国民族主义与文化霸权》一书。这本书堪称华人世界第一本从古典文本严谨地去瓦解中国民族神话的著作,是这个时代的“警世钟”。
 空间、民族、政治、思想:民族主义之四个系统
这本著作最突出的贡献在于,作者解析出中国民族主义的结构有四个系统:第一,是空间,中国是天下的中心,而又不断膨胀,天下一统属于中国。第二,是民族,所谓的“华夏族”,也就是近代以来演化而成的“中华民族”,是最优秀的人,四方夷狄禽兽不如,故而必须接受教化。第三,是政治,即中央集权的“天朝”,四夷必须朝贡,天朝有征伐的权力。第四,是思想,统治者用孔子儒家及其典籍,以亲疏阶级伦理来巩固王权。罢黜百家,独尊儒术,将孔子神格化,不能批评。这四个环环相扣的系统,经历了“五四”运动的冲击而不垮,窒息了中国新文化新思想的发展。
以此四个系统来观察今天中共的统治,虽然中国人西装革履,城市车水马龙,手机和网络高度普及,温家宝津津乐道普世价值,似乎已经与西方接轨,但在骨子里,这四个系统却千年不变。不管满清还是北洋,无论国民党还是共产党,剥去面具之后,都是同一颗东方专制主义的心脏。尤其是今天的共产党,其统治的合法性,一是靠经济增长,二是靠民族主义。普通中国人的思维方式,亦不曾摆脱这四个系统的束缚,视“大中华”为理所当然。
“六四”之后,中国的传统文化热在屠杀的血泊中逐渐升温。中国知识分子的一个通病就是,一旦在现实中受到打击,便躲进传统文化的桃花源,所谓“达则兼善天下,穷则独善其身”。他们对国学的悉心把玩与当局高扬爱国主义的文化政策不谋而合。被动的躲避与逍遥,逐渐演变为主动的投靠与合作。进入胡锦涛时代,孔子被党中央选中成为民族主义代言人,于丹在央视“百家讲坛”将孔子阐释成国家主义者,“毛左”代表人物孔庆东一边歌颂老毛一边以孔子后裔自居,“新左派”学者甘阳用“儒家社会主义”包装中共日渐暴虐的统治……群魔乱舞,好不热闹。
对岸的庄万寿对这一切了然于心。他指出,今天的中国共产党已无马克思主义的成分,陶醉于大国崛起的氛围中,于全球投资办理数以百计的孔子学院。读经运动,祭孔大典,此起彼伏,祭文中有“小康初成,大同在梦,欣逢盛世,强国威风”之类的词句,难掩暴发户志得意满的心态。但是,长远来看,民族主义无法解决中国内部的矛盾,更难以阻挡全球民主化大潮。
 在中国大陆,也有少数坚持“自由之思想,独立之人格”的知识分子,有着与庄万寿类似的思考。九十年代末,暮年破门成为自由主义旗帜的李慎之指出,中国传统文化就是专制文化。而李慎之悟到这一真理比刘晓波晚了十年。刘晓波早在八十年代末便直截了当地指出:“源远流长的文化就像一身俗不可耐的古装,除了作为陈列品之外,便毫无用处。说的挖苦点,中国人在近代世界上不是作为人,而是作为奴隶生活的。”刘晓波对传统文化的否定,在当时看来石破天惊:“对传统文化我全面否定。我认为中国传统文化早该后继无人。”刘晓波三十年恒定不变的反传统文化的立场,不仅是一种学术立场,更是一种生命立场。即便是对传统文化抱有温情的学者余世存,亦承认此一事实:“刘晓波是真诚的,他对以儒学为核心的传统文化的憎恶建基于个人至上的生命价值。”这也正是庄万寿写作此书挑破民族主义和传统文化脓疮的原因所在,庄万寿反复强调,他的每篇文章都是“基于个人的尊严”。
 《公羊传》之“大一统”与王阳明之“屠杀哲学”
《中国民族主义与文化霸权》一书,还有两处“道前人所未道”的创见,值得进一步介绍和讨论。
其一,作者拈出中国古代的重要典籍《公羊传》,分析其“大一统”思想的形成。贯通于《公羊传》中的核心观念是:天下归天子管辖,理论上天子拥有已知天下的主权。天子居天下中央,武力可以直接统治的地方,泛称中国;中国的四方,武力偶尔可及的,被迫称臣,视为外番属国。这就是从皇帝到奴隶都深信不疑的“天朝思想”。
美国学者魏特夫在《东方专制主义》一书中提出,中国的中央集权制度是因为“治水”的需要而形成的。庄万寿不同意这个观点,他认为,作为儒学核心经典《公羊传》中的“华夷之辨”与“大一统”观,才是让中国必须中央集权下去的主因。
“大一统”之观念,比共产主义和毛泽东思想更深深扎根于中国人心中。中共的外交政策,很少遵循马列主义中国际主义的理论,而大都从“大一统”思想出发。如中共对越南的惩戒之战,中共对东南亚诸邻国的蔑视心态,均源于此。中国即便实现了民主制度,要厘清“大一统”思想,尚需“刮骨去毒”。
其二,作者对在儒家历史上承前启后的大人物王阳明的人格、思想、事功作了全面而深入的批判,尤其指出王阳明的“同化与屠杀哲学”贻害无穷,与今日之伊斯兰原教旨主义者“族非我类,其心必异”的理念相似。王阳明认为,天理是至高无上的,强盗违反天理,是冥顽不化,无药可救,因此不得不杀之,“非我杀之,乃天杀之也”。既然强盗可杀之,那么背叛朝廷的反贼更可杀之,所以他充当了朝廷剿灭南方民族的急先锋。
王阳明被视为实现了儒家“立言、立功、立德”三大理想的圣贤。王阳明之思想,也影响了中国近代以来的若干政治人物,从康梁到蒋介石、毛泽东,均是“王迷”。蒋介石口称基督徒,毛泽东者以马列主义者自居,但两人实际上都是王阳明的信徒,以及王阳明“屠杀哲学”的继承者。
王阳明是“王霸杂交”的典型人物,以“王道”占领道德制高点,以“霸道”达成现实事功。用学者李劼的话说,“王道”就是孔儒的纲常伦理,是中国文官传统的主要精神支柱;“霸道”就是韩非子式的权谋,并经由《三国演义》为全体中国人所烂熟于心,成为宫廷政变、草莽造反、江山争夺、王朝易手的权术智术。蒋毛学王阳明,便是从这两个方面来学。
 “大一统”是一种反民主、反自由的邪教。信奉“大一统”观念的中国人并不热爱和平。庄万寿指出:“二千多年来为着中国天子的大一统,付出的代价,无以复加,吞并了多少民族,消灭了多少族群。中国中央的统治者除了要以武力征服成千上万的族群,还要以武力去维持长时间的统治。……东亚大陆成为永不休止的杀戮战场,尤其中央版图愈来愈大,则战争愈来愈多,规模愈来愈大,使东亚人民沉溺于一场永难觉醒的噩梦。”此时此刻,还不反省,更待何时?
 关切中国民主化:从“六四”到《零八宪章》
独立于国民党虚幻的“中国”想像和民进党的鸵鸟政策之外,庄万寿深切关注中国的民主化进程。因为他深知,中国不民主,台湾无安全。早在“六四”屠杀之际,他便撰文谴责中共之暴行。而当中国知识分子发布《零八宪章》之时,他亦撰文声援。
 或许庄万寿没有细读过刘晓波的著述,否则他一定会惊叹刘晓波是他的知己。同样是批判民族主义,庄万寿主要从剖析中国古代典籍入手,刘晓波更多是从中国当下现实生活截取素材。与庄万寿一样,刘晓波思考的重点,是人何以为人,人的自由、尊严和权利为何不可剥夺;而不是作为“中国人”,应当具有哪些“中国人的特性”。刘晓波强调:“在中国,很少有人强调作为一个人的选择,倒是天天能听到作为炎黄子孙的选择,这样,抽象的民族群体代替了具体的个体,不是每个中国人作为人,经过自己思考后的选择,而是中华民族这个抽象的群体在替每个中国人选择。这与其说是爱国主义、民族自尊,不如说是民族虚荣对个体自由的扼杀。”显而易见,这也是庄万寿全书的一条主线。
 对于《零八宪章》,庄万寿也提出一些建设性意见。他指出,《零八宪章》有三个欠缺之处。第一,没有全盘否定共产主义。第二,仍然提及“中华民族”这个子虚乌有的概念,“中华民族”其实是一个虚拟民族,是大汉族霸权主义的基础。第三,没有提及“公民(住民)自决”的原则。“公民(住民)”原则是联合国人权公约的重要指标,即便在一个国家内部,只要公民投票通过,某一区域即可实现分离独立。捷克与斯洛伐克的分家便是这样的“和平分手”。独立并非万恶不赦的负面价值,而是与自由相印证的正面价值。
 庄万寿的这三个看法当然都没有错,以我对刘晓波的了解,我相信刘晓波也会同意。不过,正如我在《光照黑暗:刘晓波传》一书中指出的那样,《零八宪章》不是个人的作品,为了吸引尽可能多的签名,不得不“求同去异”,取“最大公约数”。而即便是中国的异议知识分子中,有刘晓波和庄万寿对民族主义和传统文化全盘批判思想的人亦是少数。所以,《零八宪章》最远只能走到建立中华联邦共和国这一步,而未能明确提出“公民(住民)自决”之原则。刘晓波的思想早已走了这么远,只是当代中国的大部分知识分子都未能走这么远。
马列主义已溃不成军,中共的垮台也指日可待,但是,民族主义毒素、“大一统”思想,并不会随着政权的更迭和政党的变迁而灰飞烟灭。所以,这还将是一场极为漫长的战斗,像庄万寿和刘晓波这样博学深思、“虽千万人,吾往矣”的斗士,当然是越多越好。
--原载:《自由亚洲电台》,2012-04-05 http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/zhuanlan/wenyitiandi-cite/yj-04052012143255.html

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林书豪 vs.姚明 = 自由人vs. 族群人 Jeremy Lin vs. Yao Ming


Jeremy Lin in Practice Sessions


陈凯博客www.kaichenblog.blogspot.com
林书豪  vs.姚明 = 自由人vs. 族群人 Jeremy Lin vs. Yao Ming 林书豪作为一个自由人的影响早已压倒了姚明作为一个制度与族群的产物的宣传

Jeremy Lin as  a free being has already overwhelmed Yao Min as an enslaved man 

“自由人” vs. “中国人”序列 “Free Beings” vs. “Chinese”  Series

By Kai Chen 陈凯 2/21/2012 www.kaichenblog.blogspot.com

自从林书豪在NBA的优异表现冲击了美国篮坛与世界舆论以来,我接受了来自多方位的媒体采访。  许多西方的媒体基于“政治正确”的左派倾向在采访中想用一些少数人的种族主义评论把我引入族群的争议。  一些在美的华裔政客们也想借美国少数人对林书豪的病态负面的评论为自己拉政治稻草。  但最让我反胃恶心的是大多数的华裔人士也都将林书豪作为种族、祖裔、中国专制文化的产物来为虚无的个体找认同,似乎林书豪的肤色与他家庭的来历是他取得成就的原因。  殊不知,林书豪的真正意义是在于“他是一个美国人,他是一个自由人”。 他的成就并不是“因为”他是一个亚裔人,而是“尽管”他是一个亚裔人。 (Jeremy  Lin’s achievement is NOT “because” he is of Asian descendent, but “despite” he  is of Asian descendent.)

林书豪的故事绝不是一个什么“亚裔人/中国人/台湾人/族群人”的故事。  林书豪的故事是一个“美国人/自由人/有信仰的人”的故事。  林书豪的故事是一个在自由世界中个体用自身的天才,努力,信念,勇气与自由意志战胜群体的无知,击败种族的偏见,冲破环境的限制,打碎人的“默默的绝望”的、充满激情与希望的“自由人”的故事。  当一位记者采访我的时候 ,她竭尽所能想用“族裔”来定位林书豪的成就。 我只是用“1+1=2”的常识逻辑向她说: 

 “如果你认为其他人不应该用林书豪的肤色与家族背景来贬低他的话,你为什么要用林书豪的肤色与家族背景来抬高他呢? 难道这不是一回事儿吗?” 

 当所有人,时常会是他的亲友们(不只是他的有种族主义倾向的怀疑者们),不相信林书豪的时候,林书豪本人并没有丧失自己对篮球的热爱,并没有丧失对自身与上苍的信念。  这难道不是他的故事的本质吗?!  当林书豪在令人难以忍受的困境之中,在眼泪、内心的挣扎中,在怀疑与失败的痛苦中,在族群的偏见与无知中愤然/奋然挺起、冲破障碍、取得成功时,他并没有因为得志得意而放弃自己的操守、信念与自省。  这难道不是他的故事的本质吗?!  当林书豪向世界证实“人绝非环境、族群、历史、贫富、文化背景、家族祖宗的产物”而是“个体的自由意志、对神的信仰、不懈的努力,勇气与毅力的自由的精灵”的时候,你难道不认为这才是林书豪的真实自我,这才是林书豪的真实故事的本质吗? 

 易建联曾自供:“林书豪付出得到了回报,我的付出没有得到回报。” 言外之意是我的命/运气不好。 殊不知,“求回报而付出/做好事求好报”正说明一个人没有真实的热爱与信仰,正说明易建联并不真正热爱篮球而是想从篮球中强取/偷取/骗取那些并不在自我认同/热爱中,也绝不是因为自我认同而产生的价值。 正是因为这些“中国奴”没有真实的热爱与信仰,他们可能会有因偷/抢/骗而得到的钱,而绝不会有因热爱与信仰而得到的真实幸福与对不懈意义追求的满足感。

中共党朝的官方媒体早就借各种渠道放出风来,说什么“林书豪永远不会有姚明的成就与影响”,说什么“林书豪还需要时间来证实他的实力与价值”。  一个被奴役制洗脑左右的人是绝不会懂得林书豪与姚明之间的根本对差的: 林书豪是一个自由人。  姚明是一个被奴役的非自由人(即使连他也懂得把自己的女儿生在美国成为一个美国人的重要。)。 林书豪是一个用自己的信念与品质击败了无知、偏见、怯懦与自我怀疑的人。  姚明是一个不得不在奴役体制中无奈的玩儿专制游戏、为专制站台的人。 林书豪是一个用自身的意志、勇气与能力战胜环境与背景束缚的人。  姚明是一个被环境、背景、专制强权左右的被奴人(姚明在与NBA签约之前被迫与中国篮协签了“卖身契”保证用自己的篮球、名、利为“中国/中共党朝”服务。  他也曾邀NBA队友到天安门为毛泽东站台与授意到台湾为中共党朝搞“统战”)。 林书豪向世界、向人类、向上苍证实了“人”是可以自由的。  姚明则用他的无奈与妥协向人们表达了“默默的绝望”是人生的唯一终结。

林书豪与姚明之间只有对照,没有比较。 林书豪与姚明生活在两个绝对冲突与对立的精神世界里。  姚明的八年NBA生涯是在被利用、被奴役、被迫就范的精神世界中度过的。  林书豪则正在用自身NBA成功的见证突破了历史与族群的束缚与界限,告诉着人们“人是上苍所造的自由人,而绝非政府、族群、历史、环境所造的无奈之物”,“人可以用自身的信念、勇气与努力设计自身的轨迹,书写自身的剧本,改变历史的走向与所生的环境”。  有什么能比林书豪所证实、所表达的这个真实的信息更使人振奋、更使人解放、更使人自由地去为自身的幸福与尊严无畏前行的呢?! 

 我作为一个前职业篮球队员,作为一个曾在专制奴役的“举国体制”中受过煎熬、向往自由与激情的运动家,作为一个为自己的幸福付出代价无畏地奔向自由的人,为林书豪与他所真正代表的“自由人”的精神感到振奋与骄傲,并由衷地祝愿他取得更大的成就,得到人生对意义追求的满足感与真实的幸福快乐

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法新社陈凯访谈/林书豪意味着什么? AFP Kai Chen Interview on Jeremy Lin


陈凯博客www.kaichenblog.blogspot.com
法新社陈凯访谈/林书豪意味着什么? AFP Kai Chen Interview on Jeremy  Lin 

Like Yao, Lin’s success rubs some the wrong  way

By Greg Heakes (AFP) – 10 hours ago
LOS  ANGELES — The same racial stereotypes that dogged Yao Ming early in his National  Basketball Association career are now being cast upon Harvard educated, New York  Knicks star Jeremy Lin.
American sports network ESPN was forced to  apologize Saturday for an anti-Asian slur directed at Chinese-American Lin that  appeared in a story about the point guard following the Knicks 89-85 loss on  Friday night.
The anti-Asian headline was included in an online story  about Lin’s role in the game that ended New York’s seven-game winning streak.
ESPN said in a statement it was “conducting a complete review of our  cross-platform editorial procedures and are determining appropriate disciplinary  action to ensure this does not happen again. We regret and apologize for this  mistake.”
ESPN claimed that the headline appeared to only mobile  browsers for a 35-minute period but long enough for scores of people to see it.
The Knicks have been on a magical run since former part-time player Lin  was called upon with two starters missing and answered with the most points of  any NBA player in his first five starts since the NBA and ABA merged in 1976.  Lin’s fairy-tale story is further enhanced because he was cut by two clubs,  including Yao’s former team the Houston Rockets, before the season started.
While the majority of Americans are captivated by the “Lin-sanity”  phenomenon, others like US African-American boxer Floyd Mayweather are not.
“Jeremy Lin is a good player but all the hype is because he’s Asian.  Black players do what he does every night and don’t get the same praise,”  Mayweather said in a posting on his Twitter microblogging website.
Like  Lin, retired eight-time NBA all-star Yao had to face taunts and ethnic slurs  when he broke into the league in 2002.
Former Detroit Piston Ben Wallace  said the then 21-year-old Yao would receive a rude welcome the first time  China’s national team played the United States in August 2002 in Oakland,  California.
“We are going to beat him up. We are going to beat him up  pretty bad,” Wallace said. “Welcome to the league, welcome to our country. This  is our playground.”
Yao also had to deal with ethnic slurs from former  Los Angeles Laker Shaquille O’Neal.
Chen  Kai, an author and former member of China’s national basketball team who  competed in the 1978 World Championships for China, told AFP the problem is that  some people see this as a racial issue instead of a feel-good story. 


Chen said the attitudes towards Lin and Yao show there is still a lot of  work to be done to help integrate basketball.


“We have a culture in the  US called political correctness. Affirmitive action is giving a minority a  chance. At the same time the NBA is beyond that,” said Chen, a human rights  activist who nows lives in Los Angeles.


“There is a conflict in the US.  This rise of Jeremy Lin is just like Tiger Woods in golf or a great young black  player in ice hockey.


“It is a phenomenon. It is not a negative story,  it’s a positive one. Most people in the US embrace Jeremy Lin. They don’t see it  as a racial issue but just see that he plays good ball.”


The  23-year-old Lin said on Wednesday he hopes to change outlooks and stereotypes  regarding Asians and Asian-American NBA players.


“I think there are definitely (Asian) stereotypes,” he  said. “There are a lot of them. The more we can do to break those down every day  the better we will become.


“Hopefully in the near future we will see a  lot more Asians and Asian-Americans playing in the NBA.”


Lin’s  parents emigrated from Taiwan to the USA in the mid-1970s. He is one of the few  Asian Americans in NBA history, and the first American player in the league to  be of Chinese or Taiwanese descent.


“People in Taiwan and China fight to claim him but  inside he is all American,” Chen said.


“He’s all American. He graduated  from Harvard, he was born in the US and he eats American food. He doesn’t see  colour. All he cares about is winning the game. That is the true American  spirit.”


Copyright © 2012 AFP. All rights reserved. More »

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林书豪给我们的十个启示 Just Lin, Baby!



陈凯博客www.kaichenblog.blogspot.com
林书豪给我们的十个启示 Just Lin, Baby! 

Eric Jackson (Forbes Magazine)
10  Lessons Jeremy Lin Can Teach Us Before We Go To Work Monday  Morning

Lin-sanity has  swept up the NBA over the last week. Now it seems like the phenomenon has gone  worldwide.
Friday’s 38 point performance by Harvard grad Jeremy  Lin for the New York Knicks against the LA Lakers was his greatest performance  yet as a starter, since he burst on to the scene and propelled the team to 4  straight wins.
Lin now has over 200,000 followers on Twitter. He’s got  over 800,000 on Weibo – including 200,000 new ones in the 24 hour period after  beating the Lakers.
But there’s more to this story than basketball. This  isn’t just a modern-day, real-life version of the Hoosiers movie. The Jeremy Lin  story is incredibly popular because we can all see a little bit of ourselves in  this man’s struggles and now successes.
What can all of us learn from  this young man — and how can we apply these same lessons to our own lives when  we go back to work on Monday morning?
1.  Believe in yourself when no one else does. 坚信自身
Lin’s only  the 3rd graduate from Harvard to make it to the NBA. He’s also one of only a  handful of Asian-Americans to make it. He was sent by the Knicks to play for  their D-League team 3 weeks ago in Erie, PA. He’d already been cut by two other  NBA teams before joining the Knicks this year. You’ve got to believe in  yourself, even when no one else does.
2.  Seize the opportunity when it comes up. 抓住机遇
Lin got to  start for the Knicks because they had to start him. They had too many injuries.  Baron Davis was gone. The other point guards were out. Carmelo Anthony was  injured. Amare Stoudemire had to leave the team because of a family death. Lin  could have squandered the opportunity and we would have never have noticed. But  he made the most of it. You never know when opportunities are going to arise in  life. Often, they’re when you least expect them. Make the most of them. Don’t  fritter them away.
3.  Your family will always be there for you, so be there for them.  欣赏亲助
It wasn’t until a few days ago that Lin got his  contract guaranteed by the Knicks for the rest of the season. Before that, he  could have been cut at any time. He had to sleep on his brother’s couch on the  Lower East Side to get by. His family always believed in him and picked him up  when he could have gotten down on himself. That made him continue to believe. If  you want your family to believe in you like that, you’ve got to be there for  them too when they need it.
4.  Find the system that works for your style. 发现适己
Lin isn’t  Michael Jordan or Kobe Bryant. He’s not a pure scorer. He’s a passer and  distributor – who can also score very well. It didn’t work for him in Golden  State or Houston – where he was before landing at the Knicks. But Mike  D’Antoni’s system at the Knicks has been perfect for him to show off his  strengths. You’ve got to do your best to understand what your strengths are and  then ensure that you’re in a system (a job or organization or industry) that is  a good fit for those strengths. Otherwise, people overlook the talents you bring  to the table.
5. Don’t overlook talent that might exist around you  today on your team. 莫错良才
You probably manage people at  your own company today. Are you sure you don’t have a Jeremy Lin living among  you now? How do you know that “Mike” couldn’t do amazing things if you gave him  a new project to run with? How do you know “Sarah” isn’t the right person to  take the open job in London that you’ve been talking over with your colleagues?  We put people around us in boxes. He’s from Harvard. He’s Asian-American. Not  sure he can play. How many assumptions have you made about talent around you?  Don’t be like the General Managers in Golden State and Houston, and let talent  slip through your fingers. With all their money, scouts, and testing, they  didn’t have a clue what they had in their hands. Do you know what your people  (or even yourself) is really capable of? Take off the blinders of assumptions  you wear when you look at the world.
6.  People will love you for being an original, not trying to be someone else.  忠实原己
You’ve got to be you. You can’t be some 2nd rate copy  of Michael Jordan. There will never be another Michael Jordan. Just be Jeremy  Lin — yourself. Whatever that is. That doesn’t mean you don’t work hard — it  just means you find what you’re good at and do it. Fans will love you for being  you, just like they love Jeremy Lin. Judy Garland said it best:
“Always be a first-rate version of yourself, instead  of a second-rate version of somebody else.”
7.  Stay humble. 避免枉大
If you one day are lucky enough to have  newspapers want to put you on the cover in order to sell more, don’t let it get  to your head. It’s been remarkable watching how humble Lin remains through all  this media frenzy. It makes his teammates and fans love him that much more.
8. When you make others around you look good, they  will love you forever. 尊重同仁
I didn’t know how good Tyson  Chandler was, until I saw him playing with Jeremy Lin. Lin has set Chandler up  many times over the last week for easy dunks because he drew the defense and  then passed the ball. That’s partly why the Knicks are playing so well. They are  all working harder to share the ball with others. And it’s beautiful to watch.  And when the media swarms Lin, he tells them how good his teammates are. Do the  same with your peers and reports.
9.  Never forget about the importance of luck or fate in life. 不忘感恩
Some people believe in God, some in  destiny, some in luck. Whatever you believe in, be grateful for it.
10. Work your butt off. Lin couldn’t have seized his  opportunity if he hadn’t worked like crazy for years perfecting his skills.  不走捷径
There are no short  cuts to hard work. Success is a by product of that. If you’ve got a Tiger  Mom who’s always pushed you to work hard, great. If not, let your conscience be  your own Tiger Mom! Get up early, stay up late. Nobody gave Lin any free passes.  Why should you get any? You can only control what you control and that means  you’ve got to work harder than anyone else you know.
I hope the  Lin-sanity continues. And I hope we all can apply these lessons to our own work  and family life.
There’s a great line from a New York Times article on  Lin and his faith which is worth it for all of us to remember:
“suffering produces character, and character produces  hope, and hope does not disappoint us.”

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中国专制的三暴虐 – 文字,文化与政治 Trio of Tyranny in China


中国专制的三暴虐 – 文字,文化与政治 Trio of Tyranny in China
China’s Despotism – From linguistic tyranny, to cultural tyranny, to governmental tyranny
“自由人”对抗“中国人”序列 “Free Beings” vs. “Chinese” Series
   
– The trio of tyrannies and its horrific effect on the formation of Chinese slave mindset – a treatise and indictment on the Chinese dehumanization process – 

By Kai Chen 陈凯 (Written 4/10/2006, Reprint 1/18/2012)
  As people puzzled over the persistence of the Chinese communist regime after the collapse of the communism as an ideology world wide, only a few saw the roots of the Chinese despotism. Many are not willing, some not able, others lacking courage to recognize the connection between the Chinese traditional culture and the current deplorable state of affairs in China. Almost all reject even the slightest suggestion that the Chinese character-based, syllabic language has something to do with the formation of Chinese mind-set which can only be properly coined “complete slavery and dehumanization of human beings”.
 Some even suggest that preservation of a Confucian culture is paramount in reforming the Chinese society and curing the ills in the Chinese mind. To me this suggestion is tantamount to saying that solution to communist tyranny and dictatorship is the communist party, and the cure of AIDS is introducing more HIV virus. Some, with various motives and deep secret complex, come in a hurry to defend the indefensible cruel Chinese feudal culture. And they defend even with more vehemence than the despotic masters the origin of the Chinese tyranny – the character-based, syllabic Chinese language. The panic feels like as if someone is digging into their ancestors’ untouchable graves. It is as if someone is touching that “sacred cow” in their hearts. No matter how much they hate the Chinese communist party and its despotic regime, they are willing to defend the roots of it with their blood and lives. Sounds comically contradictory, doesn’t it?  Some, even come with more hilarious accusation against those who point out the intrinsic and inseparable connection between the Chinese language and culture with the miserable human condition in China today, calling them “traitors of the Chinese race” and “harboring ulterior motives to demean the Chinese”, and “potential dictators in the future”….   
Their entire defense not only fails to exonerate the evil culture that has been created to destroy individuals, humanity and freedom, their preposterous accusation against those who see the evil shows exactly how their mind-set of cultural, linguistic and governmental slavery has been formed. That mind-set is the living proof of the existence of evil.
The following is a treatise to detail the process of Chinese dehumanization of individuals through this “trio of tyrannies” and an indictment against this evil origin of the complete alienation and enslavement of Chinese mind over their own existence.
Chinese Linguistic Tyranny  中国文字语言的暴虐
(Since Chinese society is patriarchal in nature, I will use “man” and “he” in the composition of this essay. This is not to demean or ignore female human beings.)
From the moment a Chinese toddler starts to put sounds and symbols together, he is handed a brush with ink as his writing tool. (Nowadays a pen or pencil is usually the case) He is presented with a paper with lines and usually a series of rectangle boxes with four evenly divided quadrants in each box. In front of him is a text of writing samples dated maybe hundreds of years back to his ancestors. He is told that his task of learning to write is first and foremost to mimic the perfect symmetry and forms in those pictorial images his ancestors left for him. During this process of repetition, copy, mimic of his ancestors’ leftover in his initial contact with human knowledge, his own dehumanization against his own individuality has formally begun.
He learns that creativity and initiatives are not important; conformity is. He learns that his own mind is not important; his ancestors’ legacy is. He learns that he as an individual is not important; competing with others to see who comes closer to the original forms left by his ancestors is. He learns that meaning and substance of the word is not important; the appearance – the formation, the image and the shell is. He is further confounded, yet not knowing consciously, with the fact that language is not a tool to comprehend and analyze phenomena to reach to reality, rather it is an artistic endeavor to please the eye, and the others. However, in this supposed artistic endeavor, he is not allowed to create and produce. He is forced to copy, to memorize, to follow… His two hemispheres of the brain are inundated with conflicting input of symbols and images. (We now know that all humans have the same structure in their brains – one hemisphere in charge of language, analysis, abstract thinking, logic, rationality.., and the other art, music, concrete images, creative impulses…) His analytical hemisphere is being force-fed with pictorial images, instead of abstract symbols, while his artistic hemisphere is starved with a strict and deliberate stifling of his instinct and impulse to create. In learning to write the Chinese characters, he is weaving and knitting an elaborate and intricate mesh to smother his own brain, to restrict his own initiatives, to deny his individual uniqueness.
While humans are endowed by our creator to have a unique human quality to create, change and reform our surroundings and environment to serve our own purposes, as a distinctive quality from other creatures, the cruel and inhumane process of Chinese systematic stripping of this unique human quality has effectively taken place with their young, in the form of indoctrination of a confusing and crippling linguistic system. The very possibility of human creative spark is effectively eliminated. One does not have to snip the bud. The bud has never appeared for it has died long before it can ever manifest itself. The very mind of each distinct individual is thus insidiously being forced into a tiny rectangle box from which he will never be allowed to escape to return to his nature of free being.
By the time he is taught to compose sentences, he is further stripped of concept of time by a lack of tense in the Chinese verbs. Though the adverbs are constantly put in to modify the verbs, he has been reduced to never have had a strong sense of sequential events according to time. As his study of Chinese language progresses, he has found that he lacks a distinction between individual and collective, for in Chinese verbs there is no such differentiation of plural and singular. “People” can be viewed as something like an inseparable entity while an individual’s uniqueness is severely diminished. Last time I checked, a fascist view of collective as a living entity has the same connotation. He further learns that in pronunciation of chinese third personnel, there is no distinction between genders and between humans and animals or between humans and a rock. The dehumanization process is deepening.
He finds that he cannot read and write to communicate till he is six or seven years old, with barely enough storage of Chinese characters laden with pictorial images, memorized through repetition in his analytical hemisphere of the brain. He is forever crippled in coming up with new abstract ideas.
As he goes further in his study of his ancestors’ leftovers/feces, he finds that he is strictly forbidden from creating any new Chinese character by himself. All 50,000 Chinese characters are all he can copy and use in his understanding of his world of reality, though only about 5,000 in normal usage. By definition, all human knowledge on earth has stopped within the confinement of these 50,000 some Chinese characters. He can only try to manipulate, combine the existing characters to describe what he sees, not to invent new concepts. Thus the primary function of Chinese language is to describe, not to prescribe, is to inherit, not to expand, is to please, not to pursue, is to control, not to discover, is to possess, not to enjoy. the alienation is thus thorough and complete – the tool has become the master to be served with total devotion of chinese human lives. The creators of the language have become the slaves of the same language.
With the rigid and stagnant Chinese language in place and in charge, humans are not here to create; they are only here to procreate. Humans are not individuals with indivisible integrity, dignity and uniqueness; humans are only an indistinguishable blob of flesh and blood of fleeting images, banded together by a tiny rectangle box to experience excruciating pain and suffering, much like a contortionist. Conclusion: The Chinese language is an inhuman and inhumane language which only facilitates a perverse dehumanization process among the Chinese masses/population.
In sharp contrast, English, as a multi-syllable, alphabetic language, takes the premise that humans are free and unique beings. Language is their tool to serve their lives’ purpose, not their master to dominate and control their existence. With English language, children as early as three years old can read and write and communicate effectively with their peers. The abstract, alphabetic symbols of the language – the letters can be easily and freely assembled and dissembled and resembled to create new words that represent new discoveries and new concepts. They are designed to be abstract to input information into human brain’s abstract hemisphere. and the meaning of the word and compositions, not calligraphy, is the most important aspect of learning such a language. With this language, humans are allowed to be humans – free, creative and exploratative. With the way human brain is hardwired, there is no doubt that English language (alphabetic and multi-syllable) is a human and humane language.
Chinese Cultural Tyranny   中国传统专制文化的暴虐
From the moment a spark of consciousness starts to flicker, a Chinese youth witnesses at first hand, how humans treat each other and how he is treated by these humans around him. Another dimension of Chinese dehumanization process is taking place in his perception of reality – a cultural tyranny starts to dominate his life.
When the infant starts to observe his surroundings and tries to make sense out of them, the first thing that enters his mind is the fearsome hierarchy everyone carefully follows and obeys. In this invisible hierarchy, everyone’s identity is predetermined by his birth and gender. He discovers that one cannot open his mouth unless he does so according to the echelon he occupies in this hierarchy. He has to find out how old he is, how much money he makes, what connections his family has in relations with this classification of superiority and inferiority. He has to know his gender stratification, male as always being on top of female. He has to know every title and name in the generation differentiation and address his peers by proper titles and names. He has to know exactly all of these before he can open his mouth.
He is conditioned to know that the highest echelon in the hierarchy is the ubiquitous officialdom in the government, and the highest judicial judge in morals and all affairs affecting him is the highest official in this government – the emperor, chairman, president. He now knows that the God in his life is China itself – a nation with a border, a population with the same racial and ethnic features, a way to behave and think – never disturbing the existing order. China is the combination of all the desirable values in his life. He will be dedicating his entire life to this invisible God.
As he continues to grow up and further immerses himself in the Chinese literature, cultural habits and order of things, he finds that he himself as a person gradually dissolved and disappeared in the cultural soup everyone is stirring to cook into a shapeless entity. Everyone starts to behave in the same manner according to this invisible hierarchy, and no one is distinct and unique by himself. For the first time, he tastes the fearsome power of his cultural environment. That faceless everyone is called Big Family which he is obligated to preserve and please. Everyone seems to want to please everyone else and no one however, wants to initiate anything. Passivity is the order of the day and fate is everyone’s master. Learning to patiently live with desperation and helplessness is a must if he wants to survive. And it even becomes an art. He starts to cheat, lie, manipulate, intimidate, pretend… Anything he does is alright so long as he is to preserve and please the big family. Saving face is the biggest concern for everyone, from top down. The Big Family and the government that represents it has become his overlord and his entire individual worth is to be judged by only it.
He practices hard to write beautiful calligraphy, for he knows without the beautiful and unobtrusive appearance, everything else is meaningless. One will have hard time climbing the social ladder if one’s calligraphy is no good. The more he self-effacing his own being, the more likely he will climb high. He learns to entertain himself by practicing Chinese violin, but finds that the bow is stuck between the strings and he can only play one string at a time. The music that comes out of the instrument always bears a sad, lonely, helpless tone he can never escape. He picks a brush to paint a picture, but finds that only water color is available. The painting comes out will always be smeared and blurred. The human image that comes out of the water color has no spirit, no deep feelings, no facial expressions, and no passion (not to mention there is no shades and no one know where the light comes from). Even this dubious representation of humans on paper cannot last long. The water color always fades over time. A blurred image of reality for others to guess and feel is the standard of art.
He is frustrated, trying to find and etch a permanent mark for himself in the history of China. He starts to read the Chinese classic literatures, for in there he can find all kinds of intrigues, plots, manipulation of emotions, pretentious grace.., widely applied in the chinese officialdom. He attends school to memorize and mimic all the tactics and tricks to use, abuse and manipulate others humans so he can climb over their corpses to advance in this hierarchy. He learns how to mesmerize his victims by pretending to be their savior, making them believe they are all victims of others. Like a king cobra, he wants to desensitize and distract his prey by letting them focus on his beautiful and symmetrical markings, the carefully planned, mesmerizing movements, the ingenious camouflage, and the speedy and powerful strikes. He does not want others to know his nature. He is doing everything to hide it.  He has learned all these through the books he has read and observation he has made and he is well versed in all of them. None of the education process has focused on the nature, the essence, and the substance of things and phenomena. No moral judgment has ever been rendered. So he is not about to start to attract others’ attention on his deadliness and his poisonous-ness. He has become the master of all his ancestors’ teachings. His only goal: to acquire power as much as he can. The more power he has, the more he is close to the omnipotent and arbitrary head of the big family, and the more he approaches God/being God.
However, he is very unhappy and insecure, for every step up he climbs, he is losing something – something he could not describe and may never recover. But he somehow senses that something is essential for his fulfillment and happiness. He becomes more and more drained and emptied, but the urge to climb even higher is so great that he cannot stop. It is just like, no, it is exactly like a narcotic addiction. The more you have, the more you want to have, even knowing it is killing your organs, killing your humanity. He now is in the deep grip of a powerful, enticing presence he can never escape without help from outside/divine forces.
But the outside help never comes. All the cultural narcotic addicts never admit they are addicts. He is no exception. His mental health starts to deteriorate. He can not distinguish right from wrong, illusions from reality, truth from falsehood, what is good for him from what is harmful…. Yet he continues the path of climbing toward that illusive peak in the officialdom, knocking down adversaries ruthlessly with no mercy. He never feels safe, for everyone else is doing just the same. He is exhausted but he dares not to stop or relax. Momentary reflection of himself scares the hell out of him, for he does not have guts to admit how deep and how far he has embarked on this road of self-destruction. And he knows it is all his making. and relentlessly, the atrocious/miserable/meaningless end is coming.
One day, a more ruthless and poisonous adversary knocks him off the ladder of officialdom. He falls and ready to give up and die. Before he dies, he curses the enemy; he curses back luck; he curses fate; he curses all others. He even curses the system for failing him, not knowing or admitting he is exactly the essential part of it, the foundation of it. His only lesson from all this is: (and he will tell all his children about it) next time, if there is ever going to be one, I will be more ruthless, poisonous and deadly. In the process of victimizing each other, everyone becomes inescapably victimized. The cycle of men-eating-men is thus completed.
Such is a soulless life’s story. Such is a loveless life. Such is a joyless existence. Such is a zombie’s journey. Such is a definition of evil and corruption. Such is the portrait of a Chinese cultural slave – a Eunuslawhore (eunuch, slave, prostitute).
Contrast distinctly from this cycle of dehumanization, Christian ethics stresses exactly the opposite of this men-eating. It preaches that every individual human being is an entirely unique universe, a beginning and end in himself. He is not to be used, abused and abandoned as some used-up tools by others, no matter how many they are in quantity. In short, he is not to be a mean to an end, but an end in itself. Because of such an inalienable and inseparable nature of the entity, he is endowed by god to have rights and freedom; therefore, he has the possibility to be happy and joyful. No one, no matter how powerful he is as in the case of a government, should be morally justified to define such a being. He is indeed a sacred creation and only god can design him and make possible for him to discover that sacred design. Bias, prejudice, power for the sake of control and self-degradation are detested in such an ethics and culture. Dignity and respect are coined to depict such a being as unique and irreplaceable. Nothing can be ever justified without his own individual consent, for only he knows his own values and worth. Group and government oppression is viewed as the embodiment of evil. Servitude and slavery is as insidiously detrimental to human mental and spiritual health as viruses and narcotic addiction. Equality among humans is a natural extension in the very fact that each and every one of individuals must ultimately face god and himself, not others and governments. Conscience and spiritual integrity is established in such a cultural environment. Self-direction rather than others-direction becomes the orientation of such moral being. Creativity and productivity, Not robbing, begging, cheating and stealing, flows like fountainhead, nourishing a new generation of such free beings. Values are constantly produced and nothingness inevitably sneered and discarded.
Such is a human ethics. Such is a human culture. Such will be the humanity’s future.
Tyranny of Chinese Political Institutions  中国古今政体的暴虐
When a crippled Chinese adult, mentally and spiritually ill-equipped, enters into the political arena characterized by the omnipresent Chinese officialdom, he painfully discovers that he is further trapped and demeaned by the very institutions his ancestors left to control him. He is viewed as nothing more than a cog on an enormous grinder aimed to mix truth with falsehood, right with wrong, black with white, existence with nothingness. Every ounce of everyone’s individual energy is absorbed and usurped to contribute to the speed of the spinning machine. In the cultural soup it produces, nothing is distinct and unique and nothing can be used as values, particles and concrete foundation to build anything. The only function of such a political machine is to drown everyone with this toxic cultural soup and make him a part of its ingredient to kill still many others.
Fostered and boosted by the linguistic tyranny and cultural tyranny, the political machine his ancestors created and left for him is a ferocious and insatiable beast of destruction.
As his maturing consciousness starts to question his own being in his political surroundings, he finds that no one is in charge and henceforth no one is able to change this political environment. Everyone is only operating in it, much like everyone is using the same Chinese characters to write. No one is able to create anything in this political environment, much like no one is able or supposed to create any Chinese character by himself. He is trapped. He further finds that in this political culture, government precedes people. Government is viewed to have existed even before humans appear on earth. Government authority comes from the mysterious “heaven” and it has nothing to do with human beings. So the emperors have all been called “sons of heaven” and everyone who dares to question this order and authority is doomed to “hell” and eternal ostracism.
Thus, the government has always been viewed as parents, and the masses under it have always been viewed as some infantile children in need of care. Government officials are endowed with titles such as “parental officials” and the people “children people”. A person is born not free, but underneath this parental government and the power it wields. Any limited freedom is freedom in a cage, and freedom to obey and conform, for he is reared and raised by the government and the emperors. He has been taught that when the big river has water, the small creeks will flow. Even God in heaven is with a title “jade emperor”. It is the emperor that gives people their clothes and food. It is the nation and government that give people their livelihood and meaning of life.
He has read from all the literature that his ancestors have left that all heroes in Chinese history are “nation loving” heroes. All immortals he ever worships are ancestral officials in the emperors’ court. Everything that has any values in China is tied with officialdom. Government and officialdom is not only he depends on for his livelihood, but he depends on for his meaning of life. All the educational institutions have one aim – to produce “nation loving” and “emperor loving” officials in the echelon of governmental hierarchy. The higher he climbs in the official ladder, the more power he acquires and hence the more meaning in life he has. Thus, he stops/kills all his other interests and endeavors and focuses only on one thing – joining officialdom to climb the ladder.
In the process of climbing the ladder, he learns further from his ancestors and the knowledge they have left via those rectangle boxes written in those thread-bond books all the official tricks, plots, deceits, maneuvers, manipulations. He is well versed in the spirit all these books and the ultimate message they espouse – “the end always justify the means”. So long as he is for others and for the helpless masses, all his excessive tactics and murderous methods are thoroughly justified. His only slogans in his heart are “loyal to the emperors, loyal to the nation/party-dynasty, loyal to the ancestors and all the language, institutions, culture they have left to him.”
He has learned that the most effective method of controlling the masses with their infantile and meaningless existence is to hold their loved ones, their family, and anything including their own profession they love, hostage. If one offends the order of the court, the entire family suffers, the generations related to the person in anyway suffers. No one is responsible for himself anyway, so everyone else around him must be responsible. Here is the most effective weapon in his arsenal, among others like confusion, fatalism, superstition, jealousy, denial, blindness to truth… Though he himself is subjected to the same control mechanism, he is nonetheless enthusiastically enforcing the order using these means, for the illusion is the higher one climbs, the freer one becomes.
Not only family is used to be the hostage in this scheme of things, family is used as the very control mechanism to subdue everyone in it. Family has become the very basic unit of the government, to serve the government. The very word “nation” (Guo, Jia 国家) in Chinese is simply composed with two characters – nation and family. The saint of all Chinese – Confucius has long deemed the Chinese moral order to be inviolable – “emperor to subordinates, father to sons”. The bigger the government, the better, and since family has become the basic unit of the government, the entire society does not only belong to the government, it is indeed the government itself. Separation of government and society has never existed in China. Any political order in China is only the extension of personal order of the individual and his identity. An ingenious design it is indeed, by the ancestral saint-Confucius.
In the later years of China’s modern history, Mao only further inherited/enhanced this very Chinese tradition of building the entire China into a giant prison, in which everyone can be potential a spy to report on others to the authority, particular within the family. So why build prisons to hold those unruly scoundrels like in the USSR under Stalin? Instead, the chinese under mao have followed our ancestors under emperors and confucius: They make the entire society governmental, and make the entire population prisoners of their own family, or their own relations with others. Yes indeed this is exactly what has happened during the notorious cultural revolution. The poison has seeped through every pore of the society and the corruption via total surrender by the individuals is thorough and complete.
America represents the exact opposite of the Chinese experience:  It is based on individual freedom with a solid foundation in Christian faith; therefore each and every individual is fully aware of his or her responsibility to his own conscience and action. Its political institutions are established on the premise of human fallibility and subsequent potential abuse by government and majority. Separation of power, checks and balances within the political power structure, a constitutional base to limit government and guaranty individual rights, federalism to ensure a bottom-up direction from individual sovereignty to local autonomy to limited federal government.., all are the healthy and necessary institutions aimed at expanding individual freedom. Government is contracted to serve people’s purposes, not the other way around – people are subdued to serve the government. Legitimacy, transparency and openness are understood to be the concern of all the individual citizens in their eternal vigilance to guard their liberty and rights against tyranny. American political institutions are human institutions for human interests, freedom and happiness.
Conclusion  结论
Over two thousand years ago on this land that humans inhabited, a divergence of humanity began to emerge. In the East over the vast land of Asia, a process of dehumanization started with the unification by an emperor with his swords, bloodshed, and oppressive force over the population on his domain. Through the intrinsic defects of its own language, the facilitation of eunuch official intellectuals, and the state power, human beings had become the subjects and slaves of their own creation. They have been terrorized by the very alienation they created ever since and become deformed humans with twisted mind-set. A stagnant and vicious circular course of history has been the order even today.
About the same period over on the other side of the planet, a quiet and powerful revolution to recognize and confirm humanity also began to take shape, championed not by someone with swords, but by a mild-mannered man dressed in rags who never held any official position. A new kind of values was being preached upon the population and into the very soul of humans – truth, liberty, equality, individuality, fraternity, tolerance, creativity… Through the sparks he has ignited, a torch has been lit to light up the course of human history. History would never be a circle to trap humans with their corpses and misery. History started to advance toward life, freedom and joy. Humans are no longer the slaves of their own creations. They have become their own masters over their own language, their own culture and their own political institutions. A liberation of the human souls has enables them to advance through darkness toward better and better future. America is the epitome of this very advancement.
In the West, human beings continue to advance along the line of liberty for humanity. in the East, human beings continue to be trapped by the tyranny of their own culture and government. They are nothing but slaves of their own cultural conditioning and tools of the despotic state they have created and passively obeyed. The gap is gigantic.
In view and analysis of what has impeded Chinese society from entering modern history and join the community of free nations, I am confident that these three mountains – the three tyrannies that have oppressed the Chinese people without them knowing the nature of the tyrannies, must be removed before any healthy human institutions can be developed. The dehumanization process via these three tyrannies must be stopped and destroyed. Human beings must be returned to their original form intended by their creator – free, full of life, joyful and creative, the masters of their own environment, their own language, their own culture, their own political institutions, their own fate, their own future. The thorough and complete alienation of individual human beings to their creations must be reversed. The vicious dynastic cycles must be reviled, condemned and eliminated. a society of individual human beings, by individual human beings, for individual human beings must be finally realized. China must join the post-historical America by emulating its examples to release the tremendous energy of human creativity and productivity of its own citizens. Let’s start to remove the three mountains and the tyranny they have imposed on the Chinese people for thousands of years.  Let’s start this process from ourselves as free and responsible individuals.

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